Medical history and surgical examination

Primary varicosities usually always have a hereditary component, or have some of the causes of vein disease occurrence.

Vein color Doppler

Primary and most reliable diagnostic tool nowadays.

Phlebography or CT phlebography

Injecting the contrast into the vein and X-ray/CT scan – nowadays rarely indicated (for instance, suspecting tumors that can press on veins).

Kirurgija vena - Ulkusi - Lege Artis 001